Ketosis is not an artificially induced state. It is not induced by ketogenic diet like many are presuming. Rather ketosis is a normal metabolic process. By following a ketogenic diet that is low carbs and high fats, one is increasing the levels of ketosis in the body. Extreme levels of ketosis might even lead to diabetes. Therefore when ketosis is increased, great care should be taken to stay healthy. Choice of foods should be to suffice the purpose of inducing ketosis and also keep the body healthy. In order to know the available choices of such foods in keto restaurants one can visit a ketosumo website.
What is ketosis? – A detailed explanation
The cells of human body use glucose as their primary form of energy. Glucose is derived from dietary carbohydrates like sugar and starch. The foods that contain sugar include fruits, yogurt, etc. The foods that contain starch are bread, pasta, rice etc. The human body breaks these sugars into glucose in the process of digestion. Glucose is then either stored in liver – Glycogenisis or in the muscles as glycogen – Lipogenisis.
Glycogenisis – The excess glucose is converted in to glycogen in the process. It is then stored in liver. The levels can get depleted in 6 to 24 hours when no other calories are consumed.
Lipogenisis – After storing glycogen in the liver, and if the liver overflows, the extra glucose is converted into fats and are stored in muscles all over the body. These stores can help us survive for several weeks to months without adequate food
By restricting carbohydrates intake, the glycosgenisis and lipogenisis become inactive. However, at this situation of their inactiveness, ketones become an alternate fuel.
Ketone – an alternate fuel
When there is no enough glucose in the blood stream to meet the energy requirements, the body begins to search for alternatives to acquire glucose. One such alternative is to use the stored fat. Ketones are by product of this process. The process of producing ketones by burning stored fat is called ketosis.
What are ketones?
Ketones are acids that accumulate in blood. The ketones are eliminated in the urine. This is because a small level of ketones indicates that the metabolism is breaking fats. But higher levels of ketones are poisonous as it leads to ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis makes the blood acidic leading to dehydration. When the blood becomes acidic many organs stop functioning. This is why usually persons following ketogenic diet are advised to drink lots of water to keep the acidic ketones under control. A controlled ketone level can do wonders in building the health of a person’s body.
Ketosis cannot fuel by itself – Importance of carbs in keto diet
As one has heard, ketogenic diet is always referred to as low carb diet. It is never called the no carb diet. This is because many cells in a human body need glucose to survive. This is met by the process called glucogenisis. It is the process of converting the following
- Amino acids – Proteins are broken down in to amino acids during digestion
- Glycerol – a lipid which is obtained from the breaking down of fats during digestion
- Lactates – Produced during metabolism
Into sugar. This can be done by the liver to maintain the blood sugar level. But liver requires minimal carbs to do so which should be sourced from outside. Liver is a very small organ. Therefore 4% of carbs in the diet would suffice. The rest of the organs receive from the process of glucogenisis.
Therefore, minimal amount of carbohydrates is required to complete the metabolic cycles.
The path of ketosis
As ketogenic diet is an emerging field, not much information is known about it. The field is still under research. Therefore the knowledge in the field gained so far is from the people fasting and not from the people who are following ketogenic diet. The inferences of induced ketosis in the angle of researchers is as follows
Stage 1 – Glycogen depletion
Ketone production is not active in this stage. This is the phase of the duration between the meal and the inception of fasting. It is usually 6 to 24 hours of fasting period after meal. At this phase, glucogenisis and fat burning increases.
Stage 2 – Glucogenisis
The glycogen is completely depleted during this phase. Ketones are starting to be produced. However, the production is at a lower level. At this stage a person begins to urinate frequently due to the increase in acidic levels in the blood. The time period for the phase to begin varies from person to person. It is usually 2 to 10 days. It takes longer time period for an obese individual while shorter duration for a normal healthy person.
Stage 3 – Ketogenic phase
At this phase the protein breakdown for energy decreases greatly. One begins to feel the magic of gaining control over his appetite. Also there is increase in fat and ketone use in the body.
By eating a perfect diet one can enter the ketogenic phase very soon. In order to know the best keto restaurants that provide perfect ketogenic foods, visit the ketosumo website.
Ketosis and Starvation Ketosis
A person loses weight and increases the production of ketones in both the activities – ketosis and starvation ketosis. However starvation ketosis by which, one eats very little food, leads to ill health effects. On the other hand, ketosis by ketogenic diet will help to have even lesser food but keeps us healthy by providing the right energy to the body.